With iron deficiency anemia, for successful treatment it is necessary to take iron preparations, use time-tested folk remedies. Otherwise, the patient complains of general weakness, and frequent fainting becomes an unpleasant surprise for him. It is required to act immediately, especially since iron in tablets and ampoules is sold freely and in most cases is available to the patient at a price, dispensed without a medical prescription.
What are iron preparations
These are medical preparations of various forms of release, the active component of which is iron, which is necessary for the restoration of blood formation. It is possible to determine the iron deficiency state by a blood test, and the patient himself feels internal weakness, other signs of anemia. This is a disease that needs to be treated, otherwise the consequences and complications spread to all internal organs, systems. As an effective prevention, you can use vitamins with iron for women and men, systematically or seasonally increase the level of hemoglobin in the blood.
Classification of iron preparations
If the patient has anemia, doctors prescribe drugs with iron in a full course, which can be equated by the principle of action to multivitamin complexes. Depending on the method of administering the daily dose, there is a conditional classification of characteristic medications, which additionally differs in the speed of the onset of the therapeutic effect and recovery. For example, tablets for oral administration are slow, while the effects of injectable drugs are more rapid and productive. A more detailed classification is presented below.
For oral administration
If anemia occurs, iron supplements are prescribed in the form of capsules, tablets or dragees. Take such medications orally, do not chew, drink plenty of water and do not violate the prescribed daily dosage. When penetrated by the active substances, they reach the stomach, from where their absorption and distribution through the systemic circulation is observed. This does not happen quickly, and the expected therapeutic effect is sometimes very frustrating for its mediocrity.
The optimal dose of iron entering the patient's body should correspond to 2 mg per 1 kg of weight. It is not recommended to overestimate it, because there are side effects, medical contraindications. Below are the best of the best medicines available in tablet form:
- Sorbifer Durules;
With extensive intestinal pathologies, the absorption of iron with its further spread through the blood is disrupted. In such cases, the patient is prescribed parenteral therapy involving drugs with a high iron content. It is appropriate to perform similar injections for stomach ulcers and iron intolerance, as a valuable component of immunity. The maximum allowable dose in this clinical picture is 100 mg, there are contraindications. Below are the most effective injectable liquid iron preparations:
- Ferrum Lek.
For intravenous administration
This is a better prescription in case of progressive anemia, since iron reaches the maximum concentration in the blood 30-40 minutes after the injection. By loosening the stomach, the valuable components of the drug immediately violate the restoration of the disturbed circulatory system, somewhat change the composition of the blood. Such drugs are available in the form of injections, and are used more often as emergency assistance to the patient with pathologically low hemoglobin. From the best side, the following medications have proven themselves:
Vitamins Containing Iron
For prevention purposes, the doctor prescribes modern multivitamin complexes that contain iron in their natural composition. Such drugs can rarely cause side effects, but it is also important to comply with the recommended daily doses. Among the advantages of this purpose, attention should be paid to the fact that the intake of characteristic drugs exceeds the absorption of dietary iron by 20 times. However, the result of treatment and prevention depends not only on the dosage, but also on the correct choice of the multivitamin complex.
Choosing reliable vitamins, it is important to once again make sure that the predominant concentration of iron in the composition is able to fill the daily requirement of the body for such a trace element. Only in this case, the treatment will be as effective as possible, it will not harm the general state of health. The following pharmacological products, which can be freely purchased at any pharmacy, belong to effective multivitamin complexes:
- Complivit Iron;
- Elevit Pronatal (allowed during pregnancy);
- AlfaVit Classic;
- Vitacap (also allowed for pregnant women);
Iron deficiency anemia can progress in the male body. Treatment should be timely, otherwise, among the signs of a characteristic ailment, doctors focus on joint pain, impaired sleep and appetite, fatigue and increased drowsiness. Proper nutrition is not always able to restore the hemoglobin in the blood, so the basis for effective treatment are medications for anemia on the recommendation of the attending physician. Here are effective medications in a given direction:
Iron preparations for anemia
The use of so-called "stimulants" to raise the level of hemoglobin is necessary at any age, otherwise disorders in the body due to iron deficiency anemia become chronic. The development of the disease at first is expressed by general weakness, but then there are more serious consequences for immunity and the entire organic resource. Sitting on a therapeutic diet and eating food from iron products, the desired result cannot be fully achieved. In addition, it is recommended to use such medications in a specific clinical picture:
Taking such medications in childhood is shown with great care, since a violation of the daily dose can lead to the development of dangerous diseases in the children's body. Therefore, such an appointment should be previously agreed with the attending physician, and the doses are determined by the age category of the clinical patient. For a child, the use of the following medications is appropriate:
- Actiferrin (capsules from 7 years old);
- Kheferol (from 12 years old);
- Ferroplex (allowed from 3 years);
- Tardiferon (tablets from 6 years old);
- Hemofer prolongatum (according to the weight category of a young patient).
The active component of such medications is sulfate or ferric chloride, which is rapidly absorbed into the systemic circulation, maintains a high concentration in the blood for a long time. Children are recommended ferric iron, safer for health. Medications based on iron salts should be taken in a daily dose of 200 mg. Below are reliable options for a cure for anemia involving ferrous iron:
- Gino - Tardiferon;
- Ferrum Lek.
Pregnancy and iron supplements
If a woman is diagnosed with B12 deficiency anemia in an “interesting position”, the doctor prescribes drugs with the presence of iron, an additional intake of folic acid. Take such drugs strictly according to the instructions, otherwise, through ignorance or negligence, you can harm the fetal development of the embryo. The main goal is to increase hemoglobin, prevent oxygen starvation and fetal hypoxia. More often, the doctor recommends Elevit Pronatal and Vitacap preparations, available in tablet form. The following are valuable recommendations for pregnant patients:
- Preventively, the dose of the medicine chosen with the doctor should not exceed 30-40 mg of iron per day.
- Iron deficiency anemia that progresses during pregnancy is treated with 100-200 mg of iron per day.
- If the disease formed before pregnancy and acquired a chronic form, for 9 months of gestation the fetus should drink 200 mg of glands.
Which iron preparations are better
Buying any medication, the patient relies on the positive dynamics of aspen disease, and drugs for the treatment of anemia are no exception. Some patients are sure that the panacea is a solution for intravenous administration (iron in ampoules), while others choose a more gentle way to use the medicine - syrup or tablets. In any case, the characteristic medication and its daily doses should be prescribed by the attending physician. Below are the favorites of such a new generation of pharmacological products:
- Sorbifer Durules;
- Hemofer Prolangatum;
Before choosing from the catalog, ordering and buying medicine in the online store, it is required to determine the form of the medical product release, the relevance of such an acquisition, and the allowable daily doses. This is necessary to reduce the risk of side effects, accelerate the positive dynamics of the underlying disease, quick and final recovery. Here are valuable recommendations for patients who have to take medications containing glands in the chemical composition:
- If these are tablets, do not chew a single dose, but swallow whole, while drinking plenty of water. Drops for oral administration can be previously dissolved in water and then drunk.
- The best method of introducing iron into the body is intramuscularly or intravenously (using a dropper), since this process accelerates the absorption of active components, the absence of irritation of the gastrointestinal mucosa.
- Before buying medicine in tablets or vials, you need to determine the valency of iron. For example, vitamin C is needed for better absorption of ferrous iron, and special amino acids (serine) are needed for ferric iron.
During treatment, the general condition of the patient may suddenly worsen. This is due to a systematic violation of daily dosages, or the body does not tolerate such active components of the prescribed medication. Side effects are temporary, require immediate correction of daily dosages. If you ignore such valuable recommendations, the clinical picture only worsens, and the symptoms of the pathology become more pronounced:
- problems from the digestive tract, represented by digestive disorders, bloating, chronic constipation;
- pathology of tooth enamel, which becomes faded and brittle, and the teeth can even begin to deteriorate;
- on the part of the skin, doctors do not exclude allergic reactions in the form of a rash, hives, itching.
How to choose
It is important to start the choice not with the price of the drug, but with the concentration of iron that prevails in each tablet. It is very important not to harm health, in addition, the excess of a characteristic trace element is still not absorbed by the body. Therefore, the name of the medication must be additionally agreed with the doctor, to avoid an overdose of iron. Other equally relevant selection criteria are detailed below:
- Composition. For treatment, it is advisable to focus on the concentration of iron in the drug, with prevention, you can give your preference to multivitamin complexes for the overall strengthening of the whole body.
- Release form. Iron-containing medications are easier to take in pill form. However, if you need quick action, it is better to stop the choice on injectable drugs with a rapid entry into the systemic circulation.
- Manufacturer and cost. Such nuances of conservative treatment and prevention are required to be discussed individually. However, it is worth noting that domestic medical products are no worse than imported ones.
The cost of drugs with a natural concentration of iron is different, but doctors strongly recommend not to save on such an important acquisition, your own health. This is explained by the need for rapid positive dynamics, which will help to avoid serious complications of iron deficiency anemia. Below are the prices of both cheap medicines and expensive, which meet all the stated requirements of the clinical patient and the attending physician. So: