An allergic reaction to the cheeks and other parts of the body in a child is easily treated. There are many ways, but they depend on the location and degree of neglect of the disease. How to treat diathesis so that it quickly passes and does not return? You can get by with the alternative method or take serious measures by choosing complex therapy.
What is diathesis
Red spots on the cheeks of a child are not a sign of health, but an allergic reaction. Diathesis is not a full-fledged disease, but only a tendency to more serious and dangerous diseases: eczema, atopic or seborrheic dermatitis, neurodermatitis. It is a "bell" that you need to pay attention to in the future there are no problems. This is especially true for strengthening the immune system.
Diathesis often affects children under 3 years old. In the first couple of years, the state of the body can please parents: the stool is in order, the skin is clean. This does not mean that by the age of three it will not change and such irritation will not appear. The disease is associated with age, histamine sensitivity, the work of the gastrointestinal tract. It is important to choose the right foods, and when the child grows up, introduce a balanced diet.
During pregnancy and breastfeeding, mothers are advised to follow a strict diet: to exclude allergens in the form of fermented milk products, vegetables and fruits of red-red color, some varieties of meat and fish. Do not worry about the child’s malnutrition: after 3 years, the digestive system returns to normal, so he begins to eat normally, but without complications such as allergic diathesis.
What does diathesis look like?
After the child is 3 months old, redness may appear on the cheeks or body. They are covered with a thin film - a milk crust, which causes itching and irritation. The manifestation of the first signs is incurable diaper rash, prickly heat, sebaceous crusts on the eyebrows and hair of a yellow and gray shade. Lymph may be released through the crusts, then they are called a wet rash. Its danger lies in poor protection against infections.
Diathesis looks like a rash and appears on the whole body: cheeks, ears, nasolabial triangle, chin, arms, stomach, buttocks, legs. With dry diathesis, swelling and peeling occur. The child's face becomes puffy, overweight is gaining. He lags behind peers in physical and mental development. In advanced cases, the glands, larynx and nose with the organs of vision become inflamed. Painful defecation is characteristic - emptying of the rectum.
Causes of Diathesis
There are many causes of diathesis that occur both in the prenatal period and at birth. These include:
- The use of drugs during pregnancy.
- Environment with harmful impurities from industrial production, gas contamination, dust.
- Hereditary factors and predisposition to skin, immune diseases.
- Violation of the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Disruption of the digestive system.
- Early introduction of complementary foods.
- Infections They are expressed in bacterial and viral effects.
- Broken sleep mode.
Watch your baby’s diet closely. If you need to make a menu, contact your doctor. Independent experiments with the body of the child will only worsen the condition of the baby. Maternal malnutrition during pregnancy and HB are common causes of diathesis. The consumption of egg and milk proteins, citrus fruits, caviar, canned food, berries and honey cause an allergic reaction even in adults. Rarely, there is an allergy due to natural breast milk, and the treatment of diathesis in children under one year old is more difficult than in older adults.
Treatment of diathesis in children
Often, antihistamines are used in the treatment of diathesis in children: Tavegil, Suprastin, Diphenhydramine. They cope with the symptoms of the disease, improving the appearance, remove swelling, itching, but do not affect the cause of the disease. The drugs have no therapeutic effect. Doctors advise changing the diet of the child (if age permits) or the mother (when breastfeeding). Medicinal substances are prescribed, which include vitamins and minerals. If the diagnosis is correct, then the treatment of diathesis in children after a year and earlier will be successful, and your baby will recover.
In the process of treatment, crusts on the hair are constantly removed. For this:
- Fatty hypoallergenic oil is applied to the skin with a thick layer, covered with gauze, paper, but not a film. After they put on a bonnet, and after a few hours when bathing, the crusts easily fall off.
- If the presence of crusts is plentiful, repeat the procedure after a while.
- In the initial stages, there are long-term diaper rash, which does not disappear with daily care. Treat them with a 1% solution of brilliant green in water.
- For inflammation, the use of baby cream is recommended.
Treatment of diathesis on the cheeks of a child
During the treatment of diathesis on the cheeks of the child, do not interrupt him. The disease can recede, but if you do not complete the course, it will return with renewed vigor. Do not wash your baby’s laundry or other items with powder. Instead, take soda or hypoallergenic soap. If you have a tendency to allergies after juices, which are recommended for children from 1 month old, give them with complex nutrition in a small dose - a couple of drops.
How to smear diathesis on the cheeks of a child
The treatment of an allergic reaction depends on its cause. To reduce irritation and itching, it is required to smear diathesis on the cheeks of the child. If ointments contain a small amount of hormonal drugs, they are called glucocorticoids. These drugs include Advantan, Celestoderm, Elokom. Due to the hormone content, the course of treatment should not exceed 1 week. Long-term use is possible exclusively under the supervision of specialists. If the inflammation is purulent, use Vishnevsky ointment.
How to treat diathesis on the pope in a child
To determine how to treat diathesis on the pope in a child, you need to make sure that there is a disease. Diathesis inflammation on the baby’s butt - dense red spots with clear boundaries. Other irritations are the cause of improper wearing of diapers. They are also frequent because the child’s skin comes into contact with low-quality creams. If you are breast-feeding, follow a strict diet, get rid of irritating agents, rough clothes, carefully monitor hygiene. In the absence of positive changes, consult a specialist: sometimes he can prescribe medications.
Treatment of diathesis in infants
An important factor in the treatment of diathesis in infants is the nutrition of the mother. It should contain useful trace elements, the daily amount of fats, carbohydrates, salts. The consumption of fish, pork, and eggs is limited. Dairy-free cereals, fruits and vegetables are added to the diet, with the exception of red products. Pay attention to the conditions of food production: it is better to choose homemade without chemicals and food additives. Sweet really affects the state of diathesis: its use should be reduced.
Bepanten with diathesis in newborns
The skin of newborns is sensitive, the cause of its irritation is dry air, weather conditions and other factors. As a medicine for external use, Bepanten is used for diathesis in newborns. It contains dexpanthenol, protegin, lanolin, cetyl alcohol, pantolactone. The tool copes with wet ulcers during diathesis, drying and disinfecting them. It is possible to choose a form: cream, lotion, ointment. Apply them a couple of times a day on the washed, dried skin of the child.
Treatment of diathesis with folk remedies
There are a large number of recipes used in the treatment of diathesis with folk remedies:
- Water infusion with burdock root. Daily use of 3-4 tbsp. per day will give a result during the first weeks.
- A decoction of chopped wheatgrass root: give the child a few tablespoons a day.
- 3 tbsp bark of viburnum is poured with 2 glasses of boiling water and boiled for half an hour. One teaspoon per day is enough for a quick cure.
- Bathing a child with the addition of a decoction of a string with chamomile. The procedure relieves irritation, itching, discomfort.
- The shell of an egg cooked and washed with soda is dried for 2-3 days. After it is ground to add to the usual food. The discomfort caused by diathesis disappears.
Video: how to cure diathesis in a child
Irina, 27 years old. When a child was six months old, red spots appeared on his cheeks. I went to the doctor where the diagnosis was made - diathesis. It turned out that at the wrong time she introduced complementary foods, from which the baby's digestive system suffered. Hormonal creams were prescribed. The treatment was under the supervision of a doctor, so after a couple of weeks the problem went away.
Vera, 23 years old Noticed spots on the body of a one-year-old son. Mom said it was like diathesis. At first, I thought it was ordinary irritation. I began to look for how to get rid of diathesis. She chose folk medicine: bathed with herbal infusions, and added eggshells to her food. When the child was uncomfortable with food, removed it from the diet until better times.
Anna, 29 years old Unfortunately, I had to face problems with the health of the child. I was looking for how to treat diathesis in an infant. The reason was an adverse environment. I began to regularly conduct wet cleaning of the room, monitored temperature and humidity. It only remained to cure the disease - I chose bepanten. He helped a lot and the baby recovered.
Olga, 30 years old. A husband has had eczema since childhood, so the children had a tendency to similar diseases. When the spots appeared in the second child, I was already taught and remembered how to treat diathesis. The disease does not differ in particular danger, so they managed to normalize the diet and add folk remedies - infusions of herbs, eggshells.Attention! The information presented in the article is for guidance only. Materials of the article do not call for independent treatment. Only a qualified doctor can make a diagnosis and give recommendations for treatment based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.