Pleasant travel memories are largely dependent on quality food. Suitable food for the hike differs depending on the time of year when the trip is made. In the summer, you will have to limit yourself to non-perishable products.
Rules for choosing food for a hike
A grocery set is made up so that the caloric intake is complete, but not cumbersome. The provisions placed in the backpack should weigh little, but be nutritious. Specially selected camping food is a Spartan version of everyday city food.
In an independent trip with a backpack and tent, from 500 to 800 g of dry products for every day for one person are taken. On the first day of a 10-day hike, in addition to equipment and water, the traveler will have to carry from 5 to 8 kg of food. This is a decent load, considering that a tent even of ultra-light material weighs about 3 kg, and equipment (warm clothes, a raincoat, dishes, etc.) - from about 4 to 6 kg. Camping food should be:
- light - compactly packed dry or canned food reserves, having low weight in raw form, will facilitate the movement of tourists on a hike;
- nutritious - high-calorie camping food, characterized by great energy value, will provide the traveler with the necessary strength for a long journey;
- non-perishable - the long shelf life of canned or dry products intended for soaking will make it possible to use them throughout the trip.
When compiling a list of food for the trip, they select a light, compact. Such products include: cereals, cereals, pasta, legumes, nuts, dried vegetables and fruits, candies, crackers, biscuits, canned food, spices, tea, coffee, milk powder, energy bars. For camping food porridge, noodles and instant mashed potatoes are ideal, which you just need to pour in heated water, as well as dry packaged soups.
Vegetables and fruits
Dried freeze-dried fruits and berries for consumption as camp food are bought or cooked on their own by spreading it on an oven baking sheet or on the shelves of an electric dryer. The drying process reduces the weight and volume of products, which is easily restored by cooking or stewing. Dried fruits needed for a camping trip:
- Vegetables (onions, garlic, carrots, beets, cabbage, potatoes, peppers, tomatoes) are needed for cooking first courses, dressing porridges. Dried vegetables improve the taste and enrich camp foods with vitamins, minerals, and valuable trace elements.
- Fruits (raisins, dried apricots, prunes, dates, apples, pears, apricots and others) - provide the body with glucose. Dried sweet fruits are consumed separately or added to cereals to enhance the nutritional value of camping food.
- Berries (strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, cranberries, rose hips, hawthorn, sea buckthorn, etc.) - saturate the body with valuable trace elements, antioxidants, help strengthen immunity. Dried berries are added to cereals, vitamin teas, compotes, infusions are brewed from them.
Fresh vegetables and fruits should not be taken with you for a camping trip. You won’t put them in a backpack, because they will be washed, flow and stain food, clothes, equipment. You won’t carry them in your hands; they must remain free to overcome obstacles, photograph, and other purposes. The maximum that you can afford is to take a small amount of fresh fruits and vegetables for one day.
For food, cereals are taken with them: barley, rice, oatmeal, millet, buckwheat, semolina. Pearl barley and rice groats are nutritious, saturate the body for a long time. Semolina, oatmeal, wheat grits are quickly prepared, saturates the body with most vitamins, minerals, which are required for a full life. Buckwheat has the greatest advantage over other cereals. It is a storehouse of nutrients, you can cook it just a bay of hot (infused for 30-40 minutes) or cold water (soaked in the evening).
To speed up the process of preparing cereals (required in case of bad weather), they can be grinded in advance or purchased ground cereals for baby food, or portioned cereal minutes. To protect the cereals from the rain, they are packed in waterproof bags made of polyethylene cardboard or plastic flasks. To protect bulk supplies from moisture, use pure packs or tetra-rex intended for juices or dairy products.
Meat, fish, dairy
The daily rate of consumption of meat food in a campaign for a person is approximately 30-40 grams. The meat and fish are harvested in smoked, dried (basturma) form. Meat products are dried on their own or buy finished products in vacuum packaging. Long stored meat and fish canned food in cans. Harvesting freeze-dried meat and fish will save a place in a camping backpack, provide travelers with high-calorie food on a camping trip.
Dairy products get freeze-dried - this is milk powder and cream. In the oven or in a special dryer, you can dry the cheese, cottage cheese. Rarely what trip does without condensed milk, it is better to buy it in a plastic container or sealed package with a lid. If the camping trip is organized in the winter or spring-autumn season, then they buy processed, smoked and hard cheese (Russian, Parmesan, etc.).
For cooking, ghee, lard or lard, vegetable oils are harvested on a camping trip. Fats are needed to increase the calorie content of dishes. Camping food seasoned with animal or vegetable fat becomes tastier, provides the traveler with a long-lasting feeling of satiety. An excellent option for refueling is mayonnaise beloved by many people. Cold sauce is very fat (50 g fat per 100 g of product), and thanks to the spices makes hiking food very tasty.
To transport melted butter and lard, plastic bottles with a cut off top are used so that fat can easily be picked up with a spoon. The top is hermetically wrapped with a film or covered with another cut bottle so that in hot weather the fat does not leak out of the container. Salted lard has a long shelf life; it is wrapped with gauze and then with a cotton cloth or paper. Vegetable oil is already sold in containers that are convenient for use and transportation, the same applies to mayonnaise.
Thanks to seasonings it is easy to diversify hiking food. The same cereals, soups, potatoes will have different tastes depending on the seasoning with vegetables, fruits, spices. Fragrant mustard is suitable for most types of camping food. The following spices are taken on a hiking trip:
- Suneli hops (assorted spices);
- a mixture of peppers;
- Bay leaf;
- seasoning for pasta, pilaf, potatoes, etc.
The most reliable container for transporting spices to season camp food are plastic tubes, bottles or containers with a lid, plastic bottles for vitamins. Some manufacturers pack seasonings in convenient bags made of thick plastic with a sealed ziplock.
Each traveler should have an individual plastic container (for drinking water) and an iron container (for making warming drinks). The ideal volume of the tank for drinking water is a 1.5 liter bottle, which will be conveniently filled in springs or rivers. Water provides a person with good health, without it the impossible digestion and assimilation of food. For the purification of river or lake water, powder or tablet preparations are used (Aquabriz, Pantocid, Aqua-chlorine, Aquatabs and others).
In addition to pure water, the traveler’s diet contains tea, coffee, cocoa, jelly, vitamin drinks from herbs or berries. Black tea invigorates and quenches thirst best. Before going to bed, it is advisable to drink hibiscus or cocoa, which perfectly calms, relaxes after tiring transitions. It is convenient to take kissel in briquettes with you, gelatinous food quickly satisfies hunger, gives a charge of vivacity. Raw materials for the preparation of beverages should be packaged in airtight waterproof packaging.